Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
At the time of giving evidence, Toms was acting as interim Director of Legal Affairs at NI Group Limited, having been seconded from legal firm Allen & Overy. He was asked whether he had had any input into the internal inquiry at News International into phone-hacking and blagging. Told the Inquiry that in his few months in office he had been involved in organising and delivering training to journalists on the Bribery Act 2010, including giving generic advice that journalists should not make payments to public servants. He said he could not answer questions relating to the News of the World since it was the subject of a continuing police investigation.